Apf Topologies for Elimination of Harmonics: A Part from the Book Chapter: Application of Advanced Filtering Algorithm to Enhance the Power Quality of Photovoltaic System

Due to the switching action of converters and increased applications of non-linear loads, the integrated PV systems do not draw a sinusoidal current at PCC. This non-sinusoidal current may also distort the voltage waveforms and lower the power factor due to the flow of harmonics. APFs basically inject the compensating current or voltage depending upon the way they are connected in the network. This injected current or voltage is in phase opposition with the actual quantity and thus compensates for the harmonics. A number of factors like cost, integration and applicable harmonic filtering standards by the utility, need to be considered for deciding the filter configuration. As per the required applications or the electrical parameter to be compensated, APFs can be employed in shunt or series topology as discussed below.

Author(s) Details:

Md. Ehtesham,
Department of Electrical & Electronics, Maulana Azad National Urdu University, Cuttack Campus, India.

Mohmmad Ahmad,
Department of Electrical Engineering, Rajkiya Engineering College, Bijnor, India.

To Read the Complete Chapter See Here

Related Posts

Knowledge influence

Image Enhancement: A Part from The Book Chapter: Study about Performance Analysis of Image Enhancement Techniques for Optical Character Recognition (OCR)

Image enhancement is one crucial component of the image processing sector, which allows upgrading the image class to construct the consequential image further valuable than the original….

The Design of CMOS (Complementary Metal-Oxide-Semiconductor) and CNTFET (Carbon Nanotube Field-Effect Transistor): A Part from The Book Chapter : Design and Analysis of Dynamic Comparator for High Speed Digital Applications

The design of CMOS (Complementary Metal-Oxide-Semiconductor) and CNTFET (Carbon Nanotube Field-Effect Transistor) comparators can employ various methods, each with distinct operating speeds, power consumption, and circuit complexity….

mechanical properties

Numerous Analytical Models Exist for Determination of the Elastic Moduli for Particulate Reinforced Composites: A Part from The Book Chapter : Analytical Modelling to Improve the Predictive Capacity of Newtonian Fluid Theories on the Elastic Moduli Ratio (Ec/Em) of Particulate Composites

Numerous analytical models exist for determination of the elastic moduli for particulate reinforced composites, of which the Voigt and the Reuss models which represent the upper and…

occuring materials

Limestone and Marble Fillers, are Produced with a Particle Size Distribution of 3 – 5 µm: A Part from the Book Chapter: Limitations of the Predictive Capacity of Newtonian Fluid Theories on the Shear Moduli Ratio (Gc/Gm) of Particulate Composites: An Analytical Approach

Fillers are obtained either from naturally occurring materials (mineral fillers) or are formulated synthetically (synthetic fillers). Commonly used fillers include clays, limestone, talc (aluminium silicate and soapstone)…


The Architectural Landscape in Cyprus has been Influenced by Numerous Cultural: A Part from The Book Chapter : A Historical Overview of Seismic –Resilient Architecture in Cyprus

It is noteworthy that the architectural landscape in Cyprus has been influenced by numerous cultural, political, and economic factors spanning centuries, ranging from the Lusignans (Frankish), Venetians,…


The Hybrid Structure of a VANET Distinguishes it from a MANET : A Part from The Book Chapter : An Overview on Eigen Trick-based Hypergraph Stable Clustering (EtHgSC) Algorithm in VANET

The hybrid structure of a VANET distinguishes it from a MANET. A vehicle-to-vehicle network, or VANET, enables automobiles to exchange data with one another. Ad hoc networks…

Leave a Reply