Human activities and coastal engineering works : A Part from the Book Chapter : Retreat of the Shoreline in the Gulf of Castellammare di Stabia (Gulf of Napoli, Southern Italy)

Human activities and coastal engineering works cause both direct and indirect transformations on coastal processes, having an environmental impact on the coastal system. Therefore, these activities and their effects must be analyzed before their origin, even outside the physiographic unit in question, in order to define the coastal morphoevolution tendency.

The beach in the Castellammare di Stabia Gulf borders seawards the Sarno River alluvial plain (southern Italy). The geomorphological evolution of the plain conditioned the physiography of the coast, on which the effects of the human activities have been superimposed. The plain expands for about 200 square kilometers, from the artificial harbour of Torre Annunziata to that of Castellammare di Stabia, estending for about 13 kilometers in length. It is delimited to the north by Somma-Vesuvio volcanic complex, eastward by the Sarno massif, southward by carbonatic reliefs of the Sorrento Peninsula and westward by the Gulf of Napoli. Along the coast, there are rare traces of palaeo shorelines and dunes, partially obliterated, while present dunes are completely absent. The latter have been completely leveled and anthropized with the construction of industrial complexes and houses.

Author(s) Details:

Giuseppe Pecoraro
Giunta Regione Lombardia, Milano, Italy.

Micla Pennetta
Università degli Studi di Napoli “Federico II”, Napoli, Italy.

Also See : Wind stress: primary dynamic force for the upper layer turbulence and circulation : A Part from the Book Chapter : Seasonal Variability of Mixed Layer Depth in the Red Sea

Recent global research developments in Coastal Morphoevolution: Human Impacts on Castellammare di Stabia Gulf

1. Innovations in Coastal Morphodynamic Modeling

2. Modelling Coastal Morphodynamic Evolution under Human Impacts


1. Liu, Gen, Feng Cai, Hongshuai Qi, Jianhui Liu, Chao Cao, Shaohua Zhao, Yanyu He, Jun Zhu, Chao Yin, and Wenyuan Mo. “Decadal evolution of a sandy beach adjacent to a river mouth under natural drivers and human impacts.” Frontiers in Marine Science 11: 1384780.
2. Deng J, Yu H. Modelling Coastal Morphodynamic Evolution under Human Impacts: A Review. Journal of Marine Science and Engineering. 2023; 11(7):1426.

To Read the Complete Chapter See Here

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