The Central Nervous System : A Part from The Book Chapter : Influence of Body Mass Index on Balance in Healthy Young Adults

The complex integration and synchronisation of numerous bodily systems necessary for maintaining balance are vestibular, visual, auditory, motor, and higher level premotor systems. The central nervous system (CNS) interprets sensory information, and the postural muscle synergies are then engaged to carry out the necessary head, eye, trunk, and limb motions to maintain posture.

The brainstem and cerebellum process afferent information before initiating motor signals to maintain balance. Continuous afferent and efferent control methods within the sensorimotor system stabilize postural balance with feedback from somatosensory, vestibular, and visual inputs. The fundamental time of automatically induced balance corrections are assumed to be determined by a convergence of trunk and upper-leg proprioceptive input, which is then selectively weighted by vestibular modulation in muscles that resist falling.

Author(s) Details:

Dhwani Chanpura,
College of Physiotherapy, Sumandeep Vidyapeeth (Deemed to be University), Vadodara, Gujarat, India.

Naongmuong A. Chang,
College of Physiotherapy, Sumandeep Vidyapeeth (Deemed to be University), Vadodara, Gujarat, India.

To Read the Complete Chapter See Here

Related Posts

In an Attempt to Reduce and Eradicate Malaria : A Part from the Book Chapter : Prevalence of among 1-15-Year Children and the Awareness and Acceptability of Malaria Vaccine in Nsukka Local Government Area, Enugu State, Nigeria

In an attempt to reduce and eradicate malaria, a variety of strategies were used, including indoor residual spraying, long-lasting insecticidal nets (LLINs), insecticide-treated bed nets (ITNs), combination…

Low-grade Gliomas in Children

Low-grade gliomas (LGG) are primary tumors of the central nervous system, originating from malignant transformation of cells in the brain or spinal cord. They are distinct from…

Acute myeloid leukemia

AML on Therapy : A Part from the Book Chapter : Aberrant CD Expression in Acute Myeloid Leukaemia- A Cohort Study in Sri Lanka

The study was done to evaluate the frequency and the pattern of aberrant CD expression in acute myeloid leukemia patients referred to a tertiary care hospital in…

Flow Cytometry

Important Role in Diagnosis of MF and SS : A Part from the Book Chapter : Flow Cytometry Indicators in Mycosis Fungoides/Sezary Syndrome: Unveiling Silent Disease

Flowcytometry plays an important role in diagnosis of MF and SS with a characteristic immunophenotypic pattern. This diagnostic tool is invaluable in identifying the specific markers that…

FitnessGram test

Interrater Reliability of the FitnessGram Test : A Part from the Book Chapter : Reliability of the Fitness Gram test in Assessing Physical Fitness among School Children in Guwahati, North-east India

Fitness gram is a health-related fitness test that utilizes criterion-referenced standards on health-related components. Fitness gram includes a variety of health- related physical fitness tests designed to…

malaria in pregnancy

Febrile Illness and the need for Treatment : A Part from the Book Chapter : Factors Associated with Febrile Treatment-seeking Behaviour among Expectant Mothers in Ssekanyonyi, Mityana District, Uganda

Globally 88% of women access antenatal care at least once in pregnancy. This presents an opportunity for pregnant women to access several health care services including treatment…

Leave a Reply